About Royal Business Machines
The Royal Typewriter Company was founded by Edward B. Hess and Lewis C. Myers in January, 1904 in a machine shop in Brooklyn, New York.
In 1905, with their limited cash running out, Hess and Myers turned to Thomas Fortune Ryan, the wealthy financier. They demonstrated their machine which had numerous innovations including: friction-free, ball-bearing, one-track rail to support the weight of the carriage, a new paper feed, a lighter and faster typebar action, and complete visibility of the words as they are typed. Ryan was impressed and put up $220,000 in exchange for financial control.
In March 1906 the first Royal typewriter, the Royal Standard, was sold. The Royal Standard was different from its competition in that it had a "flatbed" design.
With demand increasing, Royal purchased 5¼ acres in Hartford, Connecticut as the new site for its manufacturing facility. Original plans called for floor capacity of 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) and cost $350,000 to build. In 1908, Royal began manufacturing there.
In 1911, Royal introduced the Royal 5 typewriter, which also utilized the "flatbed" design.
Royal's first model utilizing the "upright" design was the Royal 10, which came out in 1914. Original models had two beveled glass panes on each side.
In 1926 Royal introduced the "Roytype" brand name for its line of typewriter ribbons and carbon paper.
Royal entered the portable typewriter market in 1926 - years behind its competitors such as Underwood, LC Smith Corona, and Remington.
In order to promote the new portable, Royal president, G. E. Smith, secured the exclusive sponsorship of the September 23, 1926 Dempsey-Tunney championship fight for $35,000. This boxing match was the first nationwide radio hook-up.
"The Daily News" of New York estimated that 20 million fans from coast to coast listened to the broadcast.
Royal's introduction of its portable line of typewriters was an immediate success and launched the company to become the world's #1 selling typewriter brand.
On October 9, 1926, the "Hartford Daily Courant" reported that Royal had just produced its one millionth typewriter.
To promote the ruggedness of its typewriters, George Edward Smith, president of Royal, bought a Ford-Stout tri-motor airplane in August 1927. This plane, commonly called the Royal Airtruck, dropped over 200 typewriters in crates with parachutes to dealers over the eastern seaboard of the USA on its maiden flight. Royal eventually delivered over 11,000 this way with only 10 being damaged.
In January 1941, Edward B. Hess, one of Royal's founders and vice presidents, died in Orlando, Florida. Hess was a prolific inventor and held over 140 patents relating to the typewriter.
World War II brought tremendous change to Royal. In order to aid the war effort, Royal converted its manufacturing to war work exclusively. Royal would manufacture machine guns, rifles, bullets, propellers, and spare parts for airplane engines. It wouldn't be until September 1945 that Royal would start typewriter production full-time again and not until December 1948 that Royal would catch up on its pre-war backlog.
In 1947, Royal would produce, in limited quantity, a gold-plated version of its popular Quiet Deluxe model. Ian Fleming, the British novelist who wrote the James Bond novels, would use one. Many other writers, including Ernest Hemingway, used a Royal typewriter.
Other typewriter manufacturers would utilize Royal's innovations in their typewriters. In 1947, Royal would win patent suits against Remington and LC Smith Corona.
In February 1950, Royal introduced its first electric typewriter.
Lewis C. Myers, the surviving founder of the Royal Typewriter Company, died in Freeport, New York at the age of 84.
Worldwide demand caused Royal to open a new factory in Leiden, The Netherlands to produce typewriters in 1953.
In April 1954, the Royal typewriter Company announced its plan to merge with McBee, a leading manufacturer of accounting and statistical machines and supplies. By July, Royal stockholders approve the plan and Royal McBee was formed.
From 1954 to 1964 sales soared from $84.7 million to over $113 million. Royal McBee was consistently listed as a Fortune 500 company.
In December 1957, Royal announced it had just produced its 10 millionth typewriter. Congratulations were received from U.S. Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks and the Governor of Connecticut, Abe Ribicoff.
In December 1964, Litton Industries' stockholders approved the acquisition of Royal McBee. The deal became final in March 1965. Litton would change the name of Royal McBee back to Royal Typewriter and reorganize the company into five divisions: Royal Typewriter, Roytype Consumer Products, Roytype Supplies, McBee Systems, and RMB.
October 1966 saw Litton announce plan to acquire the English typewriter producer, Imperial, through its Royal Typewriter division.
In January 1969, Litton Industries further cemented its hold on the typewriter market by purchasing the German typewriter manufacturer, Triumph Adler. Almost immediately, The U.S. government filed an anti-trust suit against Litton accusing it of creating a monopoly. The FTC ruled in March 1973 that Litton had to divest itself of Triumph Adler. Litton would appeal and, in a rare reversal, the FTC issued a ruling in April 1975 stating that Litton could keep Triumph Adler.
In March 1979, Volkswagen, seeking to diversify, announced its intention to acquire a 55% stake in Triumph Adler. Included in the deal was Royal Typewriter.
Sales continued to climb and by 1982 sales in North America of Royal and Triumph Adler totaled over $600 million.
In April 1986, Olivetti, the Italian typewriter/computer manufacturer, announced plans to purchase Triumph Adler and Royal from Volkswagen. For nearly two decades Royal was a part of the Olivetti family.
In September 2004, Royal became a private American company again.
Now known as Royal Consumer Information Products Inc., Royals product line has evolved to include registers, shredders, personal digital assistants (PDAs)/electronic organizers, postal scales, weather stations, and a wide range of original and compatible/remanufactured imaging supplies supporting todays most popular printers, faxes, and copiers.
The Leader in Registers and Office Equipment
In 1904, in a small machine shop, two men produce their first typewriter. Their guiding principles of innovation and quality are the foundation of their company The Royal Typewriter Company. Today, Royal specializes in Registers and Office Equipment, and continues its long tradition of innovative and quality products for the home and office with over 110 Years of Innovation and Quality.
Royals line of quality products has expanded to include paper shredders, registers, calculators, time clocks, postal scales, rechargeable batteries for iPhones, iPads, etc. and a full line of imaging supplies to support todays office equipment and much more.
Like its dominance in the typewriter market, Royals reputation for innovation and quality has led it to dominate the market in shredders, registers, and pencil sharpeners to name just a few categories. Customers have come to expect nothing less from Royal.
A superior quality product doesnt just happen. It is, and must be, the culmination of years of effort and ideas devoted persistently to a fixed purpose and a set ideal.
Edward B. Hess, Co-Founder, Royal Typewriter Company
Q. How do I make a department taxable?
A. Models: 110cx, 115cx, 130cx, 225cx, 325cx, 425cx:
Program Department 1 as taxable item. To do this, type the numeric keys <Actinic:Variable Name = '0'/><Actinic:Variable Name = '0'/><Actinic:Variable Name = '1'/>, press <Actinic:Variable Name = 'CHECK'/>, type <Actinic:Variable Name = '1'/><Actinic:Variable Name = '0'/><Actinic:Variable Name = '0'/> and finalize by pressing the [Department 1] key. Repeat this procedure for all departments you wish to tax.
Models: 585cx, 587cx:
Using the gray numeric keys press (00001), press [SUBTOTAL/W/TAX], enter the (PRICE)*, press a <Actinic:Variable Name = 'DEPARTMENT'/> key, enter a Department Description using the alpha keyboard (Department Keys) or the Alpha Numeric Code Chart if needed, then press <Actinic:Variable Name = 'CHECK'/>**. Repeat this step for each department you wish to tax. Then press the [AMT TEND/TOTAL] key.
* Enter a pre-set price or 0 if no pre-set price is desired.
** If you do not wish to enter a description at this time, after pressing the <Actinic:Variable Name = 'DEPARTMENT'/> key, press the [AMT TEND/TOTAL] key. To program a description at a later time, refer to the procedure on page 29 of your owners manual.
ALPHA 580 APLHA 9170
Q. If error tone sounds during programing?
A. Be sure to complete any sale pending in the register mode. Turn manager key to REG position & press (AMT/TEND/TOTAL) KEY.
In PRG position, press (AMT/TEND/TOTAL) KEY.
If you have a Manager Password programmed in, in PRG position, type in the Managers code and press the clerk key.
Q. If error sounds in register position, when ringing up a sale?
A. Do not use a decimal point when ringing up a sale.
If Clerk ID # s have been programmed, be sure to enter the clerk ID# and press the clerk key.
Turn managers key (M) to PRG program position and press (AMT/TEND/TOTAL) to complete any pending programming step.
Q. If error tone sounds when taking a "Z" reading?
A. If a manager Password is programmed, In the Z position, type in your password press clerk.
Be sure to complete any sale pending in the register mode; turn manager key to the REG position and press (AMT/TEND/TOTAL) key.
You may have activated the training mode feature. Turn the manager key to the X position. (If a manager password is used, be sure to enter it now and press the clerk key). Type in your training password press the CHG key, to get out of the training mode, return to the Z position and run your report.
If you cannot clear your error tone or your register continues to malfunction perform a Half System Clear. Turn manager key to the PRG position; unplug your machine for 10 seconds re-plug check to see if unit is working. If it does not work follow directions for a full clear. NOTE: when performing this procedure you will lose all programming plus your transaction totals. Turn manager key to the PRG position, unplug machine while holding down clear key plug unit back in. (On the 580 make sure you remove (1) battery before plugging your unit back in. Note the following common problems a Full System clear might rectify.
Q: Does not program properly:
A. Register shuts down (could indicate a fuse blew).
Simply acts up.
If problem still continues contact a local Service Center by calling toll free 1-888-261-3888.
Contact a local authorized Service Center directly if:
Printer keeps running when machine is turned off.
Paper jams will display EE or PE or will give constant tone.
Coins fall in the printer-causing machine to shut down.
No light on display possibly a fuse blew.
Machine appears to have no power and your outlet has been checked.
When clearing the Grand Total make sure you take a Z reading first, otherwise, the procedure will not work.
If register loses any of its programming at any time simply re-program.
Q: If you lose the programming each night:
A. Check to make sure that your machine is turned to the off position each night
When did you last replace your batteries?
Alpha 580 use 3 AA batteries and must be replaced every 6 months to a year.
Alpha 9170 batteries are internal and should be replaced every 4 years by an Authorized Service Center.
Training mode feature: once the training mode is activated make sure you turn the key back to the REG position to practice. Any sales run in the training mode will not show in your totals.